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Saudi Arabia
About Saudi Arabia

Area: The CIA World Factbook's estimate is 2,149,690 km2 (830,000 sq mi) and lists Saudi Arabia as the world's 13th largest state.]
Population: july 2010 is estimated to be 25,731,776 including 5,576,076 non-nationals
Cities: Riyadh, Jeddah, Mecca, Medina, Dammam, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia, Buraidah, Khamis Mushait, Abha, Al-Khobar
People: About 85–90% of Saudis are Sunni, while Shias represent around 10–15% of the Muslim population. The official and dominant form of Sunni Islam in Saudi Arabia is commonly known as Wahhabism (a name which some of its proponents consider derogatory, preferring the term Salafism.
Languages: Arabic is the official language of Saudi Arabia. It is the language of the Qur’an (the holy book of Islam). Through its eloquence and the spread of Islam, Arabic has become one of the most widely used languages of the world. English is also used in the Kingdom, most frequently in conducting business, health care, commerce and international affairs and the hotel industry..
Religion(s):Islam is the official religion.
Currency: The Saudi Arabian Riyal is the currency in Saudi Arabia
Government: Saudi Arabia is an Islamic absolute monarchy. The King of Saudi Arabia is both head of state and the head of government.
Head of State: King Abdullah

History
Saudi Arabia traces its roots back to the earliest civilizations of the Arabian Peninsula. Over the centuries, the peninsula has played an important role in history as an ancient trade center and as the birthplace of Islam, one of the world’s major monotheistic religions.

Since King Abdulaziz Al-Saud established the modern Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932, its transformation has been astonishing.

In a few short decades, the Kingdom has turned itself from a desert nation to a modern, sophisticated state and a major player on the international stage.

Early History
The first concrete evidence of human presence in the Arabian Peninsula dates back 15,000 to 20,000 years. Bands of hunter-gatherers roamed the land, living off wild animals and plants.

As the European ice cap melted during the last Ice Age, some 15,000 years ago, the climate in the peninsula became dry. Vast plains once covered with lush grasslands gave way to scrubland and deserts, and wild animals vanished. River systems also disappeared, leaving in their wake the dry river beds (wadis) that are found in the peninsula today.

This climate change forced humans to move into the lush mountain valleys and oases. No longer able to survive as hunter-gatherers, they had to develop another means of survival. As a result, agriculture developed – first in Mesopotamia, then the Nile River Valley, and eventually spreading across the Middle East.

The development of agriculture brought other advances. Pottery allowed farmers to store food. Animals, including goats, cattle, sheep, horses and camels, were domesticated, and people abandoned hunting altogether. These advances made intensive farming possible. In turn, settlements became more permanent, leading to the foundations of what we call civilization – language, writing, political systems, art and architecture.
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Famous Mosques in Saudi Arabia

List of Mosques in Saudi Arabia
Name City Name City
Masjid al-Haram:.
Masjid Al-Nabawi
Quba Mosque:
Mosque of Mesbah:
Mosque of Bani Haram:
Masla mosque:
Abu Bakr mosque:
Amr Bin Al-Khatab mosque:
Mosque of Ali Bin Abu-Talib :
Al-Sabak moqsue :
Al-Rayah mosque:
Mosque of Al-Beheer:
Fas'h mosque:

Located in Mecca
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Al-Einein mosque:
Tobah Mosque Expand :
Mosque of Bani Dhefr :
Mosque of Al-Fadeekh:
Mosque of Al-Meekat:
Thaniyat Al-Wada'e mosque:
Mosque of Meghisla::
Mosque of Al-Saqiya:
Manartain mosque:
Al-Mostarah mosque:
Mosque of Al-Bada'e:
Mosque of Al-Qiblatain:
Tobah Mosque:
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Located in Medina
Masjid al-Haram
City: Mecca
Descriptions:

Masjid al HaramMasjid al-Haram is the largest mosque in the world. Located in the city of Mecca (Makkah), it surrounds the Kaaba, the place which Muslims worldwide turn towards while performing daily prayers and is Islam's holiest place. The mosque is also known as the Grand Mosque.

The current structure covers an area of 356,800 square metres (88.2 acres) including the outdoor and indoor praying spaces and can accommodate up to four million Muslim worshipers during the Hajj period, one of the largest annual gatherings of people in the world.

Masjid al-Haram means The Sacred Mosque in English, and it is the biggest and greatest mosque in the world. There are so many mosques all over the world, but not as beautiful or magnificent as this mosque.

The city of Mecca surrounds the Ka'ba (literally means cube) which is the holiest place in Islam. Muslims face the Ka'ba when offering daily prayers, and the direction to offer the prayer is called qiblah which shows the unity of all muslims who worship one Allah (God).

One of the most important things to remember about the Ka'ba is that the whole muslim nation face towards it when they pray five times a day from anywhere in the world.

Mecca (Makkah in Arabic) is the birthplace of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him). It is the place where millions of people go for their yearly Hajj and Umrah (pilgrim) which is part of the five pillars of Islam. Hajj is compulsory for every muslim to be carried out before they die.


Mosque Gallery Saudi Arabia


Masjid Al-Nabawi
City: Medina
Descriptions:

Masjid Al NabawiThe place where faith has gathered and adhered, and which became the abode of the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him). Madinah, the sanctuary in which lies the second of the Two Holy Mosques.

A most gracious welcome, gleaming with the gift of culture; a recitation of a journey from the unknown that carries us into the light the illuminates the universe.

Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah holds a distinguished place in the hearts of all Muslims. It was the first capitol in Islam and from it, Islamic propagation was launched as well as the conquests to open the lands of the earth to Islam. At the heart of the city is the second of The Two Holy Mosques, The Prophet's Mosque, and the final resting place of the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him). The Prophet’s Mosque has been a distinguished symbol in the history of Islam and that of its legislation. Allah, the Almighty, commanded His Messenger (Peace be upon him) to establish his mosque in the location he precisely demarcated. The radiance of Islam advanced from it and spread to all directions of the earth. Oppression and tyranny were expulsed by its magnificent brilliance, along with the oppressors and their injustice.

Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah has been a centre of tradition and heritage since ancient times. This is especially in the fields of academics and sociological refinement and advancement. Many native scholars went forth from it to spread knowledge. At the same time, many scholars and students came to it from the east and west, from the ends of the earth, in search of knowledge, which they found in the lessons held in the Prophet's Mosque.

What emerged from Al-Madinah was one Islamic culture. Through the long centuries the residents of the city have inherited this and it is apparent in their demeanor and nature. What is of an age except what visitors to Al-Madinah have written about it and about what they found of the mild manner and sociable, noble conduct of the Madinan people.

Located in Madinah, is the Prophet's Mosque (Masjid Al Nabawi), the second most important mosque in Islam, after the Grand Mosque (Al-Haram), in Makkah Al-Mukarramah. It has a long and important history. The first Muslim community flourished in Madinah. The Muslims, who were persecuted in Makkah, by the Quraish tribe, emigrated to it. When the Prophet (Peace be upon him) himself emigrated to Madinah in 622 A.D., it became the capitol of the emerging Islamic state. Muslims from all over the world visit it, grasping the opportunity afforded them to offer prayers in it and to extend their salutations upon the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him), who is taking rest in the chamber in which he left us. The chamber was next to the mosque at that time, but has since been incorporated into the mosque with a subsequent expansion.

First, Islam spread all over the Arabian Peninsula and then, to the adjacent countries. Madinah remained the capitol of the Islamic state until the end of the era of the Raashidi Caliphate, in the year 661 A.D., (corresponding to the 40th year after the Hijrah {emigration}). The capitol of the Islamic State was then shifted to Damascus, with the move of the Ummayyad Caliphate.

In Madinah there are other important places of Islamically legal, historic and cultural significance, which have been painstakingly preserved, to visit. Among them are: Qubaa' Mosque, Qablatain Mosque, Baqi'a Al-Gharqad, and the Graves of the Martyrs of the Battle of Uhud, which is near Mount Uhud.


Mosque Gallery Saudi Arabia

Mosque in Saudi Arabia